|crop||application time (foliage spray)||product function|
|apple, pear, peach, grape, etc.||once prior to the flowering once upon full bloom|
|rice, barley, wheat, etc.||two-three times in weekly interval from the time right before the heading||improves the fertilization rate, yield, grain quality, and milling|
|strawberry, tomato, chilli, beans, etc.||once every 20 days from the time of flowering||- enlarges the glowers and prolongs their life span - improves the fertilization rate and the yield|
Most biological activities generate active oxygen species as byproduct, and these molecules combine with the electrons and hydrogen ions that are abundant in an organism to produce peroxides. The peroxides are the cause of oxidative stress and the process is called aging. Thus the organism requires a mechanism to rapidly decompose the peroxides which are toxic to the body, and the most well-known peroxide removers are the antioxidants such as glutathione. The mechanism of peroxide decomposition goes like this: the enzyme glutathione peroxidase takes the electrons and hydrogen ions from the reduced glutathione and a molecule of peroxide to produce two molecules of water and the oxidized glutathione. As only a certain amount of glutathione exist in the body, there has to be a process to return the reduced glutathione from the oxidized glutathione. This process is mediated by glutathione reductase, which takes the electrons and hydrogen ions from (NADPH + H+) and feeds them to the oxidized glutathione to turn it back into the reduced glutathione. The active amino acid in RISING relieves the (NADPH + H+) or other biological molecules of this burden, and provides the necessary electrons and hydrogen ions to the active oxygen species and the oxidized glutathione for their reduction, thereby allowing a residual pool of (NADPH + H+) and antioxidants to form. The residual (NADPH + H+) can then become the source of energy for fixing the carbon dioxide to create glucose in plants. The increased amount of glucose leads to the higher accumulation of starch in the plant body.
- RISING-treated group produced larger flowers with larger ovary.
- RISING-treated group produced larger stems with longer pollens.
rate of increase(%)
rate of increase(%)
|category ||plant length||stem length||ear length||ear number||viable plant ratio||grain filling ratio||1000 grain weight||yield||quotient|
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